Early Spay and Neuter
FernRidge Labradoodle puppies ,as well as puppies from many other  reputable Labradoodle breeders ,will go through this procedure before they go
home. It is a well known and accepted fact that spaying or neutering your pet is a good idea. In most cases neutered animals make better pets, they
are less aggressive and because they are not driven to find a mate, they are more focused on you, their pack leader. It is found that 85% of bites to
humans are from un-neutered dogs. They are also found to be much healthier with a lower risk of reproductive disorders and many cancers.

There have been questions as to when is the best time to spay or neuter your pet. Study after study has found that spaying or neutering a pet at a
young age is a much less stressful surgery on the pet, and because these smaller animals require less anesthesia, they recover much more readily
than they would if they were to be spayed or neutered at 4 to 6 months of age. In most cases, puppies that have this procedure done before being
released to their families are running and playing with their litter mates the very same day, as opposed to a many day recuperation for an older pet.  
We use a vet that has had years of experience in early spay and neuter and does this procedure on a regular basis, not only for us, but for his regular
clients and also other breeders in the area.  He and his staff are very gentle and loving, I am always very comfortable knowing that our puppies are
held gently, and treated in a very caring gentle manner.   Our vet like many others did not always do this procedure, but at the request of other local
breeders several years ago, he did the research and learned not only how to do the procedure but that it was in most cases an easier procedure not
only for him but for the puppies.   As with any surgery, there are risks involved, but the risks are not because they are younger, it is the risk of the
effect of the anesthesia on the dog.  If the dog is going to have an adverse reaction, they are not going to outgrow that risk.  Our vet gives the animals
a very thorough evaluation prior to preparing the puppies for surgery to assess their overall health and make sure that everything looks normal prior
to operating.    When our puppies come home in the afternoon after having their surgeries, they are wrestling and playing like nothing ever
happened.  Their tiny incisions are healed in days in most cases before the pups even go home.    Many vets that don’t agree with this procedure are
from the “older” school of thinking and have not read any studies or have done any research to back up their stand.  They also have never done the
procedure so have no first hand experience of how the procedure can be much easier and safer on the pup.   They don’t know so they don’t like it.   
You will not find a vet that has any experience with the procedure that has decided not to support it’s use.

Why do we choose to have this procedure done at this early age? While one consideration is to protect the breeding lines that we have spent an
enormous amount of research, time and money creating, the most compelling reason is to cut down on the number of dogs that are euthanized each
year in shelters.     We spend a great deal of time and effort to make sure our puppies go to families that will cherish them as a member of their family
forever.   It is very easy for time to slip away and for the male to come of age and find a fertile female, or for the female to come into heat at an early
age and before you know it, she is having an unexpected “oops” litter.  These puppies in turn would be sold or given away with little to no thought of
the quality or preparedness of the family to deal with the new member of it’s household.   Many dogs are turned into shelters by the age of 14 mos.
because the families are not financialy ready or the pup has become “a bigger responsiblity” than the family had planned.  We do our best to avoid
this situation with our screening process and our policy to always rehome any dog that comes from our program for it’s entire life.    In the US, between
4 and 6 million animals are euthanized each year. We do not want any of our puppies or their offspring contributing to that figure.

While there have been some poorly done studies in certain animals that have shown a higher level of incontinence, most of the research does not
back up this viewpoint. Please read on for some history of the procedure and veterinary prospective on some of the issues that have been raised on
ES&N. The following professionals have come out and wholeheartedly endorsed the procedure.

AVMA-American Veterinary Medical Assoc
HSUS, Humane Society of the US
The Ohio State University
Cat Fanciers Association
Texas A&M
College of Vet Med, Univ of Minnesota
Knox County Humane Society
Massachusetts Soc for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
American Humane Association
Doris Day Animal League
AVAR (Assoc of Vets for Animal Rights)
The American Animal Hospital Assn

Pediatric, or Early Spay/Neuter, refers to spaying or neutering pets at a much earlier age than the old six to nine month standard. With today’s
anesthetics, advanced monitoring equipment, and surgical techniques, not only are these procedures safe in young puppies and kittens, the risk of
complication is lower and the recovery period shorter than in mature pets. Concerns about adverse effects have now been proven unfounded. The
American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States, the Association of Spay/Neuter Veterinarians, and the College of
Veterinary Medicine at the University of Georgia, are among those that support early spay/neuter.  Here is an article from the ASPCA on Early Spay
and Neuter.

The reasons for spaying and neutering are compelling

Overpopulation and the resulting mass euthanasia and neglect.

It avoids heat cycles, unwelcome visitors fighting on the lawn, accidental pregnancies, unwanted puppies and kittens, inconvenience, and expense.

Males and their caretakers are spared roaming and fighting, and the resulting injuries, spread of disease, and expenses. In our area, 80% of the dogs
killed by cars and 80% of the cases with feline AIDS are un-neutered males.

Better-behaved pets – Neutered pets rarely spray or mark, roam and fight. 85% of bites involve un-neutered dogs.

Healthier pets – Neutered males don’t have testicular cancer or the prostate problems common in intact dogs. Females spayed before their first heat
cycle have 96.4% less breast cancer, a common cause of death. They have no risk of uterine infection, or the many complications associated with
pregnancy, whelping or raising a litter.

But why spay and neuter the babies?

It’s safer. Our mortality rate is lower.  Complications occur less often. Most compelling, in a study done by veterinary students (completely
inexperienced surgeons), their death and complication rates were lower.

It’s easier on the pet – anesthesia time is shorter and recovery takes only a few hours.

It completely eliminates the possibility of accidental litters. We daily hear the infamous “I didn’t know she’d go in heat so soon,” and “she just got out for
a few minutes.” The list is endless. My personal favorite is “She can’t be pregnant, I chained her up when she was in heat.”

It completely eliminates the possibility of intentional breeding by well meaning, but ignorant guardians. The old “so the kids can have the experience”,
“just one litter,” “we can make a little money,” or “I found her a good home” that turns out to be a back yard puppy mill.

Breeders can avoid having their names show up on poor quality stock and help control competition by backyard breeders.

The bottom line is fewer unwanted pets, and fewer ill-bred animals filling up homes so that others go without.

People worry that this early procedure might stunt growth. In fact, research shows that the dogs will actually get a little larger. The reason for this is
that the long bones tend to grow for a slightly longer period. Since this extra growth is not caused by more rapid growth, but instead by prolonged
growth, the implication is that this might be a good thing in our giant breed. It is known that when growth proceeds slowly over a longer period, the
bone density (strength) increases.

Conscientious breeders have, for years, sold companion quality puppies without registration papers and/or with a non-breeding or spay/neuter
contract to try and prevent undesirable reproduction. In fact, these methods were not always effective. Dogs, which shouldn’t have been bred, still
were. Pediatric spay/neuter is foolproof!

We offer this procedure at no extra charge to all our puppy purchasers . It saves them money and the emotional trauma of having their pet undergo
an elective procedure AFTER they had become attached to it. We strongly recommend that breeders consider this option and discuss it with your own
**** PLEASE NOTE****
ALCA stance on this issue is as follows " Early Spay/Neuter (will be performed) for all puppies prior to leaving the breeders location where
allowed by law. If this is not available, then Spay/Neuter contracts will be required, signed buy the buyer before the puppy is released to
the new owner with a confirmation for to be signed by the surgeon and returned to the breeder upon completion of the surgery".